China's population to reach 1.42 billion by 2020

By Global Times - Xinhua Source:Global Times Published: 2017/2/7 14:58:39

China's population is expected to reach 1.42 billion by 2020, according to a development plan set by the country's top health authority for the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-20).

The annual natural population growth rate will be around six per thousand while China's gender ratio at birth is expected to be reduced to 112 boys for every 100 girls by 2020, according to the plan released on the website of the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NFHPC) on Monday.

China's primary goals on family planning were accomplished during the 12th Five Year Plan period (2011-15), said the plan, adding that the natural population growth rate stayed at five per thousand, while the male-to-female ratio among newborns fell from 117.94 to 113.51.

As of the end of 2015, China had a population of about 1.37 billion.

The commission also called for more support for women returning to work after giving birth and encouraged employers to support a balance between work and family life. 

China's family planning policy, introduced in the 1970s, limited most urban couples to one child and most rural couples to two children, if the firstborn child was a girl.

At the end of 2013, China's top legislature eased the one-child policy by allowing couples to have a second child if one of the parents was an only child. Since January 1, 2016, the policy has been further relaxed by allowing all married couples to have two children.

According to the plan, support for families that strictly abide by the family planning policy should be enhanced and preferential policies on education, social security and employment should be applied to families with one child and rural families with two girls before the policy was relaxed.

The plan also vowed to better regulate the collection of social maintenance fees, or fines paid for violations of the family planning policy.

Global Times - Xinhua



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