US approach to China is ‘irresponsible,’ expert says

By Chen Qingqing Source:Global Times Published: 2017/8/29 21:38:39

China's determination to slash the capacity glut in the steel industry is an active response to the overcapacity issue that the whole world is confronted with today, and the US government's rejection of its offer is irresponsible, said an industry representative.

The Chinese government has been making concrete progress in cutting steel capacity in recent years, with a reduction of crude steel capacity by 65 million tons in 2016 and a reduction target of 50 million tons for 2017, Li Xinchuang, president of the China Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research Institute, told the Global Times on Tuesday. Li is also vice president of the China Iron & Steel Association.

"This has also contributed to the rebalancing of the global steel industry, as overcapacity is not only an issue for China but also for other countries and regions," he said.

Li made the comments after the Financial Times reported that US President Donald Trump had rejected China's offer to cut overcapacity and insisted on imposing tariffs on steel imports from the world's second-largest economy.

One week after the G20 summit in Hamburg in July, the Chinese government suggested slashing the steel glut by 150 million tons by 2022. However, Trump rejected the proposal twice, several people familiar with this matter were quoted as saying in the report.

"Under the Trump presidency, the US is not a responsible country anymore, and it has less influence on the global stage," Li said, noting that just blaming China for an issue that the global industry is facing is not a solution.

Instead of working together on dealing with excess capacity, Trump is more willing to put tariffs on steel imports from China, according to the Financial Times.

"The problem the US steel industry is facing today is that US products are far less competitive compared to Chinese ones, and imposing tariffs on imports can't save their industry," Li said.

If Trump insists on import tariffs, China will be fully prepared to "fight back," he noted. "China is the largest trading partner of the US, and a wise politician will not let a small move affect the overall relationship," Li added.

Though China is the world's largest steel-producing country, less than 1 percent of Chinese steel exports were sold to the US in 2016 because of 20 US trade remedies, according to the US-based think tank the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

The US Department of Commerce said on February 2 this year that it had determined that imports of Chinese stainless steel sheet and strip should be subject to anti-dumping duties ranging from 63.86 percent to 76.64 percent and anti-subsidy duties from 75.6 percent to 190.71 percent, according to government data. Chinese steel exports to the US dropped from 2.21 million tons in 2015 to 0.95 million tons in 2016, the think tank noted.


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