People’s everyday lives improving since 2012

By Liu Xin Source:Global Times Published: 2017/10/13 23:03:40 Last Updated: 2017/10/14 19:44:03

Last 5 years witness unprecedented progress in general well-being of populace

Two visitors grab a photo at Tiananmen Square on Friday in front of a giant flower basket with the Chinese characters 'Welcome the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Bless our motherland." The congress is scheduled to open Wednesday. Photo: VCG

China has enhanced people's well-being during the past five years through policies related to their daily life including poverty alleviation, social security improvement, education and family planning policies, experts said on Friday.

"There has been remarkable progress in enhancing people's livelihoods since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in 2012 as many policies have been carried out and implemented in these fields," Zhu Lijia, a professor of public management at the Chinese Academy of Governance in Beijing told the Global Times.

Thanks to targeted poverty alleviation policies, people in remote areas have enjoyed a chance at development, he noted.

Every year from 2012 to 2016, China lifted 13.91 million people out of poverty and annual per capita income grew 10.7 percent in impoverished rural areas, the State Council announced in August.

Medical care, social security, employment and education all got better, Zhu said.

China issued 1 billion social security cards as it works toward a goal of supplying them to 90 percent of the population by 2020, the Beijing News reported in September.

China aims to achieve full coverage by steadily raising the level of social security pooling as well as establishing a more convenient social insurance transfer and renewal mechanism. China will implement a social security card system to ensure that 90 percent of the population enjoys social security coverage in the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20) period.

According to guidelines released in July 2017, China will modernize hospital management by clarifying responsibilities, introducing scientific governance, more efficient operations and stronger supervision by 2020.

"These policies are closely related to people's daily life and improvements in these fields, especially medical care and education, will develop their sense of benefits in accordance with the CPC's purpose - valuing the interests of the people," Zhu said.

Many regions have joined the Free Lunch for Children welfare project for children relocated from poverty-stricken areas, Zhu said. More investment will be made in such projects in the next five years, he noted.

Population policies

The implementation of a comprehensive two-child policy benefited general public and was followed by more and better family planning policies, Zhai Zhenwu, demographer and president of the School of Sociology and Population Studies at Renmin University of China in Beijing, told the Global Times on Friday.

China announced the implementation of its comprehensive two-child policy in October 2015, allowing all couples to have two children starting 2016. The country will continue adhering to the policy as a basic State policy and fully carry out the two-child policy, according to the draft outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20), the Xinhua News Agency reported in March.

"A changing population policy is as expected and good for China's demographic structure," Zhai said, adding that "it also helps slow the rate of decrease of the labor force and the aging population, generating more time for China's economic restructuring."

A second or third child accounted for 57.7 percent of 7.41 million new births in the first five months of 2017, according to statistics from the National Health and Family Planning Commission. That amounted to an increase of 8.5 percentage points over the same period in 2016.

All society is trying to improve the environment for people to raise more children, including better health care and more kindergartens, Zhai said.

To help people further, experts have suggested the government introduce more favorable tax policies, longer maternity leave or education for families with two children. Local governments in regions like the Tibet Autonomous Region in Southwest China have already provided subsidies and lengthened maternity leave.

Newspaper headline: People’s everyday lives improving


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