Australia's national science agency CSIRO's Parkes radio telescope in eastern Australia has detected mysterious 'flashes' of radio energy from the distant universe that may open up a whole new area of astrophysics, a statement from CSIRO said on Friday.
This finding, made by a team of scientists from ten institutions in Australia, the USA, UK, Germany and Italy, is published in Friday's issue of the journal Science.
According to the statement, four flashes were detected, each from a different direction and each lasting for only a millisecond (a thousandth of a second). The characteristics of the radio signal -- how it is 'smeared out' in frequency from travelling through space -- indicate that the flashes came from up to 11 billion light-years away.
No gamma rays or X-rays were detected in association with the flashes, and the astronomers have ruled out the flashes being from phenomena such as gamma-ray bursts, the merger of two neutron stars, merging black holes, or evaporating black holes.
"A single burst of radio emission of unknown origin was detected outside our galaxy about six years ago but no one was certain what it was or even if it was real. So we have spent the last four years searching for more of these explosive, short- duration radio bursts." Said Dan Thornton, a PhD student with the University of Manchester and CSIRO, the lead author on the Science paper
"Staggeringly, we estimate there could be one of these flashes going off every ten seconds somewhere in the sky," said research team member Dr Simon Johnston, Head of Astrophysics at CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science.
That original radio flash, known as the 'Lorimer burst' after its discoverer, was also found with CSIRO's Parkes telescope.
"With the ability to detect these very fast sources we are opening up a whole new area of astrophysics," Dr Johnston said.