US export restriction to spur China’s chipmakers

By Chen Qingqing Source:Global Times Published: 2018/4/17 21:08:40

A warning shot for Chinese chipmakers to catch up

The export ban imposed by the US Department of Commerce on Chinese tech firm ZTE Corp has sent a warning shot at Chinese companies relying on overseas components, forcing China to develop its own chips and catch up with their US rivals, industry insiders said.

US Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross announced Monday (US time) that American companies will be banned from exporting components to Shenzhen-based Chinese company ZTE, which produces smartphones and other telecommunication equipment.

The US Commerce Department claimed that ZTE lied to the US government about punishing employees who violated US sanctions against North Korea and Iran.

ZTE spends millions buying components from hundreds of US companies, creating thousands of jobs in the US, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce said in a Tuesday statement. The ministry has urged the US to handle the issue in line with the law, and create a fair and stable environment for Chinese companies.

In response to the US ban, ZTE said the company is aware of the denial order activated by the US Department of Commerce.

At present, the company is assessing the full range of potential implications the ban will have on the company and is proactively communicating with relevant parties, the company told the Global Times.

About 30 to 40 percent of components that ZTE sources are from the US, including microchips, operating systems, optical network products and software, Irene Chen, chief content officer with the Chinese industry information platform DeepTech, told the Global Times.

Sales of telecommunications equipment account for 60 percent ZTE's total sales, Chen said. "Over 60 percent of its foreign suppliers for telecommunications equipment come from the US," she noted.

Some US suppliers saw their share prices slump on Monday following the ban. Shares of NASDAQ-listed Oclaro Inc, which reportedly generated 18 percent of last year's revenue from ZTE, fell by as much as 15 percent on Monday. Acacia Communications, which sells high-speed coherent optical interconnect products, saw its shares decline more than 35 percent.

The ban is devastating for ZTE, as components shipped from the US are not immediately replaceable within China, Liu Kun, vice general manager of the IC Industry Research Center at CCID Consulting, told the Global Times.

"ZTE dilemma reflects a major difficulty the Chinese chip making industry is facing," said Liu.

Liu added that it is urgent that Chinese companies develop their own high-end chips. 

Can't depend on US

The issue needs to be part of negotiations between the Chinese and US governments, which are facing escalating trade tensions, Wang Yanhui, head of the Shanghai-based Mobile China Alliance, told the Global Times.

"It has become crystal clear that Chinese firms can't depend on foreign suppliers, and China's semiconductor industry will remain an essential industry in the future," said Xiang Ligang, chief executive of the telecom industry website 

When the US blocked Intel from selling supercomputers to China years ago, China developed its own supercomputer - the Sunway TaihuLight - which has become the fastest computer in the world, Xiang noted. "Mounting pressure from the outside is not necessarily a bad thing," he said.

Chinese authorities have already set targets to narrow the gap with foreign players in the semiconductor sector by 2020, as about 90 percent of the semiconductors used in China are imported, costing hundreds of billions of dollars every year, domestic IT industry website reported in March 2017.

The US is examining ways to retaliate against China's restrictions on US providers of cloud computing and other high-tech services, the Wall Street Journal reported on Tuesday.

"The tech industry is likely to become the next battleground amid China-US tit-for-tat trade disputes," Liu said.

Newspaper headline: US slaps export ban on ZTE


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