CHINA / SOCIETY
Domestically trained postgraduates constitute a major force for national major projects
Published: Jun 14, 2022 08:22 PM
A special campus job fair is held at Zhenjiang Vocational Technical College on June 2, 2022, aiming to boost employment of graduates and facilitate the resumption of work for local companies. Photo: IC

A special campus job fair is held at Zhenjiang Vocational Technical College on June 2, 2022, aiming to boost employment of graduates and facilitate the resumption of work for local companies. Photo: IC


China's independently trained postgraduates have become a major force of scientific and technological innovation for a series of national major projects including China's lunar probe program and aircraft carrier project with more than 600,000 doctorate and 6.5 million master's degree holders have been trained by over 800 postgraduate training institutions nationwide over the past decade, China's Ministry of Education announced during a press conference on Tuesday. 

According to the ministry, domestically trained PhD holders constitute two-thirds of China's newly elected academicians and the first accomplisher of China's three national science and technology awards. 

More than 50 percent of the key project members of the National Natural Science Foundation of China are postgraduate students, including over 30 percent doctoral candidates. 

Besides, a series of national major projects including China's lunar probe program Chang'e, China's manned deep-sea research submersible Jiaolong, the high-speed railway project and the aircraft carrier project, are backed by China's domestically trained postgraduates who have become the major force of scientific and technological innovation in China. 

Meanwhile, the universities on the list of "Double First-Class" university initiative which aims to ultimately build a number of world-class universities and disciplines by the end of 2050 have trained more than 80 percent of the country's doctoral students and nearly 60 percent of master's degree holders. A high-quality system of world-class universities and first-class disciplines is taking shape as these universities have led and driven the building of 410 quality universities and 1,387 advanced and characteristic disciplines nationwide. 

At present, the first round of construction has generally achieved phased goals with a number of universities ranking among the top universities in the world and a number of disciplines including materials science and engineering have ranked among the world-class disciplines, laying a solid foundation for building a strong country in terms of higher education. 

China has also introduced and trained a batch of world-class scientists and leading talents, with the proportion of full-time teachers with PhD holders increasing from 60 percent in 2015 to 72 percent in 2020. 

The resurgence of COVID-19 flare-ups in multiple places across the nation and other factors have placed the record high number of 10.76 million college graduates this year in the most grim and complex situation of employment. 

In the face of the situation, the ministry launched in May a series of events during a promotional week on employment which organized over 30 online job fairs providing over 800,000 positions. Colleges across the nation also held over 15,000 job fairs of all kinds online and offline. 

At another conference recently held by the Ministry of Education, the authority stressed that employment work should be focused on creating jobs by all means and providing employment guidance services. Any form of fraud in the employment work shall be resolutely investigated and dealt with, the authority said. 

Xiong Bingqi, deputy director of the Shanghai-based 21st Century Education Research Institute, pointed out that colleges and universities should pay attention to the long-term career development of students after graduation, so as to understand the evaluation of the society on graduates, adjust the operation and management of college, and make talent training more consistent with the needs of the society. 

Global Times