WORLD / EUROPE
Government insists new policies tackle overcrowding
Greece slammed over camps
Published: Sep 06, 2021 05:52 PM
Asylum seekers wait in line to have their body temperature tested from Team Humanity Denmark NGO on Lesbos Island, Greece on September 20, 2020. Photo: AFP

Asylum seekers wait in line to have their body temperature tested from Team Humanity Denmark NGO on Lesbos Island, Greece on September 20, 2020. Photo: AFP



One year after fire ripped through the notorious Moria migrant camp on the Greek island of Lesbos, the authorities say they've tackled the critical overcrowding and brought order to the chaos.

Critics counter they achieved this through a policy of forcibly pushing back would-be refugees before they can claim asylum on Greek soil - a charge the right-leaning government elected in 2019 denies. 

While Athens says the country will "never again be the gateway to Europe," its policies highlight the deep divides within the EU over migration as fears are rising of a new wave following last months' fall of Kabul to the Taliban.

The previous migration crisis in 2015 saw Moria - built just two years earlier to hold 3,000 people - inundated as a huge wave of migrants began arriving on small boats from nearby Turkey. 

As other European states responded by shutting their borders, the bottlenecks grew - worst of all on Lesbos, which handled most of the arrivals from the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.

As numbers at Moria ballooned to 20,000, the camp became a byword for squalor and violence, where prostitution, sexual assault, disappearances of minors, drug trafficking and fights were rife. Then late on September 8, the first of two fires broke out, as pandemic-stoked tensions soared. According to witnesses, a row broke out as 200 migrants refused to quarantine after either testing positive for COVID-19 or coming into contact with someone infected. 

Greek Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi said then that the fires "began with the asylum seekers."

The six young Afghan men jailed for 5-10 years earlier this year for arson insist they were falsely accused for ethnic reasons. Mustafa Hosseini told AFP they had been framed because they were from the Hazara minority facing persecution in Afghanistan. The only witness was a Pashtun - the country's dominant group.

No one died in the two-day blaze. But it sparked a chaotic exodus of 12,000 asylum seekers. 

Lesbos locals, who had seen more than 450,000 migrants pass through in a year, were enraged as towns, villages and fields were again flooded - including by children, pregnant women and disabled people forced to sleep rough for days.

Against strong local opposition, authorities set up what was meant as a temporary camp on a former army range. That flooded last winter.

Mireille Girard, the UN refugee agency's representative in Greece, acknowledged that the site has been much improved since but "is not a lasting solution."

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