Australia reverses recognition of W.Jerusalem as Israeli capital
Published: Oct 18, 2022 09:18 PM
Australia on Tuesday reversed a decision of the previous government to recognize West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying the status of the city should be resolved through peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian people.

Foreign Affairs Minister Penny Wong said Australia "will always be a steadfast friend of Israel" and was committed to a two-state solution in which Israel and a future Palestine coexist in peace within internationally recognized borders.

The government "recommits Australia to international efforts in the responsible pursuit of progress toward a just and enduring two-state solution," she said in a statement.

Israel's Foreign Ministry voiced "deep disappointment" with the decision and said it would summon the Australian ambassador. "Jerusalem has been the capital of the Jewish people for 3,000 years and will continue to be the State of Israel's eternal and united capital, regardless of this-or-that decision," the ministry said in a statement.

Australia's previous prime minister Scott Morrison had reversed decades of Middle East policy in December 2018 by saying Australia recognized West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel but would not move its embassy there immediately. 

Former US president Donald Trump had recognized Jerusalem as the capital a year earlier, without elaborating on the boundaries of a city whose eastern sector - the location of major Jewish, Christian and Muslim holy sites - Palestinians want for their future capital. 

Wong told reporters Morrison's 2018 decision "put Australia out of step with the majority of the international community," and was met with concern by Muslim-majority neighbor Indonesia.

"I regret that Mr Morrison's decision to play politics resulted in Australia's shifting position, and the distress these shifts have caused to many people in the Australian community who care deeply about this issue," she said.

Morrison had flagged moving the embassy from Tel Aviv in 2018 just days before a by-election in a Sydney electorate with a strong Jewish representation, which his Liberal party nonetheless lost.