At this year's World Economic Forum in Davos, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that the Belt and Road summit will be held in May in Beijing. The summit, the first of its kind, has since attracted wide attention from the international community.
China’s aim is to play a constructive role in a peace process which is “guided and owned by the people of Afghanistan.”
Many of Abe’s political conundrums come from his own missteps.
China should offer certainty to the world by engaging in the process of principle-making. It should start with resolving disputes with its neighbors, and then improve cooperative frameworks and mechanisms. The world will then be more confident with China’s role.
To fundamentally address the fishing disputes, China and South Korea need to accelerate their negotiations over maritime demarcation, which has to be carried out on the basis of a sound bilateral relationship. While the Chinese government has always cherished its ties with South Korea with an eye to a bigger picture, it is hoped that Seoul can think the same way.
The TPP may eventually fail, or be modified back to life. But one thing is almost certain: The Asia-Pacific region will have new free trade agreements, in some of which the US will participate or play a major role. Another certain thing is that as China is one of the world’s largest trading countries, any moves toward isolating China in trade will be almost impossible and have little chance to last long.
The North Korean nuclear situation is like a ticking clock. It tests the wisdom of Trump, North Korean leaders and China to find an effective way to solve the thorny issue.
The Japanese like using “shock” to define surprising events, such as “Nixon shock” for former US president Richard Nixon’s unexpected visit to China in the 1970s, and “Lehman shock” for Lehman Brothers’ collapse during the 2008 global financial crisis. Now, “Trump shock” has made a lot of headlines. In the Trump era, more “Trump shocks” will emerge in Japan.
Fundamentally, Trump’s priority is domestic affairs. In terms of foreign policy, he will try to cooperate with China and Russia. Under the circumstance, the US-Japan alliance, which used to target China and Russia, may be undermined.
The balance between advocating the pivot and advocating national interest is allowing China to lure in its neighbors. By offering infrastructure and beneficial projects like the Asian Investment Infrastructure Bank, not service-based trade and numerous military bases, China’s industry is fracturing the American’s Asian “ring of steel.”
From a historical perspective, whether China and the US will get into the Thucydides trap or move toward the establishment of cooperative and harmonious relations will not only affect the future of the Asia-Pacific region but also the fate of mankind. It is sincerely hoped that Singapore can play a positive role in this process, not the other way around.
The Indonesian government is facing tough challenges as well. Indonesia has more Muslims than any other country in the world, and has long separated the religion from politics. How the Indonesian government will curb the radical moves of Muslim hard-liners and completely keep religion away from politics will be an inspiring example for other Islamic countries.
Li’s visit employed both kindness and deterrent to Kyrgyzstan. On the one hand, he has carried several aid programs to Kyrgyzstan with his visit, including an investment of 300 million yuan ($44.2 million) to renovate a 94-kilometer-long highway. On the other hand, China has demanded the Kyrgyz government extradite four terrorists that are sheltering in Turkey. In response to the new changes in terrorism, including their broader spread, China and Kyrgyzstan will elevate their cooperation to a new level to cope with the increasingly complicated situation.
In fact, being a democratic country doesn’t bring any particular benefit in international competition and cooperation. The ultimate purpose of exchanges between countries is to pursue economic benefits. As emerging countries, China and India have common economic interests in many aspects, and need to jointly face challenges posed by developed countries. How to boost cooperation between China and India is a key issue concerning the economic development of developing countries in the future.
Indonesia is not a claimant to the South China Sea, and it does not have major disputes with China in territorial sovereignty or other related issues. But the fact that the exclusive economic zone of the Natuna Islands overlaps with a small portion of China’s nine-dash line might be the direct cause for Indonesia’s urge to get involved in the South China Sea disputes.
As Southeast Asia becomes more important in the diplomacy of China and the US, countries in the region don’t want to become the forefront in the competition of major powers. In this sense, China, the US and Southeast Asia should establish a benign interaction to promote their cooperation and shelve differences so as to make the region prosper.
In Eurasia where the geopolitical and economic climate is becoming increasingly complex, linking China’s “Belt and Road” with Eurasian countries’ development strategies coincides with the will of regional countries. It will also inject new impetus to China’s grand initiative.
The Abe government will project more capabilities and resources into Myanmar in the future to have more say in the country’s democratic and economic transition. But it is still uncertain what role Japan wants Myanmar to play in its diplomacy. How Japan will manage its Myanmar policy and whether both sides can preserve long-term reciprocity remains to be seen.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang arrived in Kyrgyzstan on Wednesday for an official visit.
During Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak’s week-long visit to China, the two sides signed a number of agreements and memos of understanding covering defense, energy and infrastructure.
But Mann is right about one thing, that is, in China there won’t be political shifts as some Americans expect. If that started to happen, China would indeed close like a clamshell.