After the Korean War broke out in 1950, the US-led Western countries imposed a trade embargo on the newborn People's Republic of China. In 1951, renowned Cambridge economist Joan Robinson encouraged Jack Perry, a businessman in the garment industry, to engage in trade with China. Robinson and Perry reached out to people from the British political and business communities and persuaded them to attend the International Economic Conference held in Moscow in 1952, which eventually led to the signing of trade agreements between China and the UK.
A US Korean War veteran recalled how Chinese soldiers were inundated by heavy US artillery fire, kept moving like "logs" in a night of -20 to -30C. They crushed invaders armed with artillery, tanks & warplanes, a miracle in war history.
Mao Zedong characterized China's foreign policy as “cleaning the house before inviting guests.” Such a foreign policy reflected China's resolve to renounce its history of humiliating diplomacy and end all unequal treaties.
At 3 pm on October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong solemnly proclaimed on the Tian'anmen Gate Tower the founding of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China. With that, an ardent dream of generations of Chinese came true. That scene, which goes down in history as an enduring classic, has been a source of inspiration for billions of Chinese people.
US journalist Seymour Topping was the first foreign reporter to break the news to the world about the PLA's liberation of Nanjing and was the first American reporter invited by Premier Zhou Enlai to the new People's Republic.
Dong Biwu wrote down his signature on the Charter of the United Nations on June 26, 1945, marking the CPC's debut on the international stage.
In 1933, an American journalist Jack Belden traveled across the Pacific Ocean to China, a country in the midst of war.
What was Yan'an like? US Army Observer Section of the China-Burma-India Theater arrived in Yan'an in 1944 and was impressed by the CPC's commitment to equality, democracy and efficiency, compared with the KMT govt.
During WWII, more than 100 American pilots were rescued in China by the troops under the leadership of the #CPC fighting the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. The pilots became the witnesses of China-US friendship.
In 1941, Polish reporter Hans Shippe died on battlefield in China fighting the Japanese army. Shippe felt for Chinese people. Without the CPC and its troops, it would be unimaginable for China to persist in the war, he wrote in his article.
In 1941, Yan'an Japanese Worker and Peasant School opened to reeducate the Japanese prisoners of war & defectors during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. How did this school work? What did it teach?
In October 1949, a foreigner was invited to the Tian'anmen gate tower for the founding ceremony of the People's Republic of China. The foreigner was George Hatem, known as Ma Haide in China, the first Westerner exceptionally approved to become a CPC member and obtain Chinese citizenship.
In 1939, Jakob Rosenfeld, an Austrian Jew, fled to Shanghai from Nazi persecution. After witnessing the atrocities of the invading Japanese army, he volunteered to join the New Fourth Army in 1941 and assisted the Chinese people in resisting Japanese aggression and fighted for national liberation, using his outstanding professional medical and surgical expertise. Hence began a special friendship between Rosenfeld, affectionately known as “Uncle Big-Nose,” and China.
"A man's ability may be great or small, but if he has this spirit, he is already noble-minded and pure, a man of moral integrity and above vulgar interests, a man who is of value to the people." This man is Norman Bethune.
"Beans roll, beans vote, beans go to the right bowls." When American journalist Gunther Stein first heard this popular folk rhyme in Yan'an during his visit there with other visiting Chinese and foreign journalists, he was immediately intrigued.
American military officer Evans Fordyce Carlson brought the CPC's art of war to the other side of the Pacific. In his memoirs, Carlson said Mao was a humble, kind and lonely genius.
Korean composer Zheng Lvcheng was one of the pioneers of China's proletarian revolutionary music. Zheng fell in deep love with the vibrant and youthful Yan'an after arriving there and wrote the famous “Ole to Yan'an.”
Swiss journalist Walter Bosshard was the first European journalist to visit Yan'an and meet Mao Zedong in person. He shot a black and white silent documentary Journey to Yan'an with a 16mm film camera.
Israel Epstein helped Xinhua News Agency send its first English dispatch to the world from a cave in Yan'an in 1944. From then on, the world could hear the voice of the CPC.
Edgar Snow's Red Star Over China triggered a China craze in Europe and the United States. Many Western journalists dreamed about going to China, a country under "red star". Harrison Forman, an American explorer, photographer and war correspondent, was one of them. After his many visits to China, he penned the book Report from Red China, which is often seen as a companion piece to Red Star Over China. In his book, Forman provided a factual account of the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japanese aggression.
On 3 September 2020, the day marking the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, a valued book long in public oblivion over the past nearly eight decades was rediscovered.
In June 1944, Yan'an greeted a special group of guests — a team of 21 Chinese and foreign reporters visiting China's northwest. They included foreign correspondents Günther Stein, Israel Epstein, Harrison Forman, Maurice Votaw, Father Cormac Shanahan, as well as reporters from news agencies in the then Kuomingtang-controlled areas. The isolated Yan'an, the mysterious CPC, and the little-known yet magnificent war of resistance against Japan behind enemy lines were unveiled to the world, through the eyes and writings of the reporters, in an objective and authentic manner.
After Edgar Snow's stories on Red China caused a great sensation, his wife, Helen Foster, realized that Snow's journey had become part of the history of China. With all the interviews and other accounts Snow brought back about Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Peng Dehuai and others, she decided that she would continue with Snow's unfinished trip to Yan'an to get more first-hand information about the CPC leaders and the Red Army.
On July 7, 1942, five years after China began a full-scale war of resistance against Japanese aggression, a young Indian doctor solemnly swore to the red flag to join the Communist Party of China (CPC). He was then on the battlefront of the Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei border region. After taking the oath, he declared excitedly that he would fight with the army and the people in the liberated areas till his last breath. His name was Dwarkanath Kotnis, or Ke Dihua in Chinese. The soldiers of the Eighth Route Army and the villagers liked to call him Old Ke.
Many people must have heard about Chairman Mao Zedong's assertion that "imperialism and all reactionaries are paper tigers". This famous statement served as an inspiration to the Chinese people, boosted their confidence in victory, and played a most significant role in the People's War of Liberation. It owes its publicity to an American journalist, Anna Louise Strong, thus nicknamed the Paper Tiger Lady.
In the library of Arizona State University, one may see the handwriting of the renowned American journalist Agnes Smedley — “Who & What are Chinese Communists?” It is precisely this question that prompted Ms. Smedley, a writer, journalist, revolutionist, advocate for women's rights and internationalist, to come to China in late 1928 and spend 12 years in the country. Her legendary life was thus closely connected with the Chinese revolution.
To celebrate 100th founding anniversary of the Communist Party of China, we are launching "100 CPC Stories in 100 Days" series, featuring foreigners who witnessed & participated in CPC history and helped world understand CPC.